An inept charlatan; a passive-aggressive sadist; a man with Lord Voldemort on the back of his head. We count down the Defence Against the Dark Arts teachers who would never pass an Ofsted inspection...

Moody's empty Defence Against The Dark Arts classroom
Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire

It’s said that the post of Defence Against the Dark Arts is ‘cursed’. For year after year, disaster after disaster, the job of Defence Against the Dark Arts professor has (mostly) been filled by some of the worst candidates to ever grace a classroom; the kind of suspected frauds and dangerous criminals that would send Ofsted into a full-blown meltdown.

But which one was the worst? Which Defence Against the Dark Arts teacher fully lived up to the role’s curse, and should never be allowed near children ever again? And which ones were actually alright?

Let’s rank them and find out: from best to worst.

Remus Lupin (Prisoner of Azkaban)

Seeing as we’re counting down to the worst Defence Against the Dark Arts teacher, we’re going to start with the best: Remus Lupin, a wizard whose bravery, kindness and patience made him one of the finest professors at Hogwarts – and, as far as we saw, the only decent one to teach Defence Against the Dark Arts.

Lupin’s classes were a fun and inventive breath of fresh air; he taught the third years how to fight dark creatures such as Hinkypunks and Boggarts, and set them a monster-filled obstacle course as an exam. Fun! Then there was his dedication to Harry Potter, who he taught in private to cast the Patronus Charm. But, of course, there was no escaping the job’s curse; Lupin was revealed as a werewolf and resigned the position before the influx of owls from outraged parents flooded in. An irony, given some of their childrens’ other Defence Against the Dark Arts professors...

Lupin teaches the Patronus charm to Harry.
© JKR/Pottermore Ltd. ™ Warner Bros.

Severus Snape (Half-Blood Prince)

As revealed at the end of Deathly Hallows, Professor Snape was secretly one of the bravest and most noble men Harry ever knew. But that doesn’t mean that he was the most breezy and easy-going of teachers.

We all saw how he was in Potions, after all, and then there’s just Snape’s personality in general. In fact, Dumbledore held off giving him the job for so many years thinking it would bring out the worst in him – you know, all that company he kept with Dark wizards.

But in comparison to some of Harry’s other teachers, Snape was at the very least dedicated, firm and very qualified. Well, maybe a little too qualified, judging by his first lesson speech calling the Dark Arts ‘unfixed, mutating, indestructible’. Calm down, Snape.

Nonetheless, in a year where Voldemort was on the ascent – who better than Voldemort’s very own double-spy to teach the class? It could’ve been a good gig for Snape, if only he hadn’t had that pesky Unforgiveable Vow promising to kill his boss…

Snape pushes Harry and Ron's heads down in the Goblet of Fire.
Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire

Gilderoy Lockhart (Chamber of Secrets)

Gilderoy Lockhart wasn’t an evil wizard, but he wasn’t a particularly good one either. For not only was he a raging con-artist, a ‘hero’ who had built his reputation on fraud and lies, but he was dangerous too, willing to go to desperate lengths to protect his fame. (Well, when he could actually get a spell right, that was.)

Naturally, given that he was a charlatan, Lockhart’s time as Defence Against the Dark Arts teacher was an incompetent shambles – one in which the class learned more about him than the Dark Arts.

Take his first class, for example, which kicked off with a quiz about himself, right before he let loose a cage of Cornish Pixies on innocent children. After this little faux pas, the rest of term would consist of reading from his own books, and re-enacting them with the (reluctant) help of Harry. In fact, by the end of the year the class had hardly learned anything about actual defence, which kind of raises questions about Dumbledore’s decision to hire him – a bid, perhaps, to expose his fraudulence? Just what kind of school is this?

A close-up of a Cornish pixie during Lockhart's Defence Against the Dark Arts class
Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets

Mad-Eye Moody/Barty Crouch Jr (Goblet of Fire)

The strange thing about Alastor Moody (or rather, Barty Crouch Jr pretending to be Alastor Moody) is that he was actually a rather informative Defence Against the Dark Arts professor.

A little bold perhaps (he did, after all, demonstrate the Unforgivable Curses in his very first lesson), but he was also an engrossing speaker, and certainly taught Harry and his classmates a thing or two. It’s just a shame that he was only pretending; that his eagerness to help Harry was only part of a scheme to rig the Triwizard Tournament. Still, if you take away all the connection-to-Voldemort stuff, maybe it was a good impression of what a real Mad-Eye Defence Against the Dark class would really be like.

‘Constant vigilance’ is too good a catchphrase to just make up.

Moody looking angry in his classroom.
Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire

Amycus Carrow (Deathly Hallows)

There’s not much that we know about Amycus Carrow’s time as Defence Against the Dark Arts teacher (he took over while Harry, Ron and Hermione were off searching for Horcruxes), but what we do know is that it was terrifying.

For a start, he was a Death Eater – one who took over the job after Voldemort’s conquest of the Ministry of Magic. And, from what Neville Longbottom told Harry, he was a rather sadistic one; having not only turned Defence Against the Dark Arts into just Dark Arts, but enforcing discipline through the Cruciatus Curse. As Neville said, his punishments made Dolores Umbridge ‘look tame’.

A Death Eater's mask
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix

Dolores Umbridge (Order of the Phoenix)

As Defence Against the Dark Arts teacher, Professor Umbridge managed to vacuum up all the useful parts of Harry’s lessons by thrusting the students’ noses in textbooks instead of action, denying the return of Lord Voldemort and, perhaps worst of all, punctuating every sentence with a cutesy giggle.

Her saccharine and sugary ways were more arguably more brutal than the Carrows’ tenure, and it wasn’t long before her girly pink robes and love of cats made way for a sinister, truly evil piece of work; doing everything in her power to stifle Harry and his friends from defending themselves against the darkening world. Without even raising her wand, Dolores Umbridge’s never-ending Educational Decrees and her quite literally scarring detention sessions with Harry have earned her a very well-deserved title of the second-worst Defence Against the Dark Arts teacher.

Professor Umbridge's office at Hogwarts.
© JKR/Pottermore Ltd. ™ Warner Bros.

Professor Quirrell (Philosopher’s Stone)

Although Professor Quirrell seemed quite harmless at first, what with his nervous tics and his turban, we do have one very small reason why Quirrell might be the worst of the bunch.

This was not because of his slightly jumpy demeanour, or his classrooms always smelling of garlic or the fact he seemed to be scared of absolutely everything, but because he literally had Lord Voldemort on the back of his head. Yep, he had one of the Darkest wizards in wizarding history on the back of his head. And we feel it’s fair to say that having Lord Voldemort on the back of your head may just be the worst way possible to teach Defence Against the Dark Arts. Ever.

Quirrell and Harry in front of the Mirror of Erised.
© JKR/Pottermore Ltd. ™ Warner Bros.